June 2, 2020

Ways in Which FEMA and Homeland Security Work Together

Summary – The FEMA and Homeland Security work together in incident management and disaster recovery. It is the Secretary of DHS who provides guidance, standards, and protocols regarding incident management to government agencies at all levels.

homeland security

The US Federal Emergency Management Agency, FEMA, has been a part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) since 2003. When it comes to disasters such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, terrorist attacks etc, FEMA works together with DHS to bring relief to people and to bring normalcy back as soon as possible. The protection of our homeland from any problems manmade or natural is the purpose of DHS which is why FEMA which typically deals with emergencies and disasters is a part of DHS and works together with it.

One of the systems that Homeland Security has put in place to help FEMA as well as itself in giving prompt response to incidents is the National Incident Management System (NIMS). The NIMS helps the different governmental and non governmental agencies such as federal and state government departments, tribal governance, local governments, and your private sector to work together to deal with any incident of any nature so as to minimize the losses to life, property, and environment. While the system is FEMA’s, you could get guidance on how to deal with NIMS and training on the same from DHS.

NIMS works together with the National Response Framework (NRF), which belongs to FEMA, while dealing with incidents.  You could get incident management templates from NIMS while the NRF is responsible for federal level policies regarding the same. The Secretary of Homeland Security publishes guidelines, compliance protocols, and standards which are helpful in determining whether governments at the local, tribal, state, and federal level have implemented NIMS. In fact standards and procedures for all aspects of NIMS are published by the Secretary through the National Integration Center (NIC).

The FEMA provides disaster and incident management assistance to not just US citizens but also qualified aliens who either have green card or have a family member (like a minor child) who is a US citizen. They also provide short term assistance to non qualified immigrants. FEMA does not gather the immigration status from any of them. It is Homeland Security’s duty to provide resources for people who want to immigrate to US and become naturalized citizens of the country.

The purpose of FEMA is to work to bring the Homeland Security mission of protecting the American way of life both from manmade as well as natural disasters to fruition. If you want information regarding your eligibility for assistance from FEMA you could check out their webpage. The information regarding careers with the agency is also given at the agency website.

Additional information at: http://www.dhs.gov/index.shtm